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The reproductives reside in a central chamber in the nest where a lady , or queenwill put many thousands of eggs every year over her life span of about 10 years. Man, or kings, are responsible for fertilising the queens. Reproductives are commonly observed.
The young termites grow in the colony by shedding cuticles in the end of each growth stage, slowly changing until they reach the employee, soldier or adult (winged form). If queens perish, some supplementary reproductives may carry on the colony as neotenics.
Reproductives are generally darker than employees and soldiers. They have functional eyes and their more robust skin (cuticle) is able to resist the outside environment. Once flight, unlike other insects, the deciduous wings of termites are lost and piles of discard wings are a hint to termite infestations.
Officials have darker, heads that are bigger than the other castes. They are blind, wingless, and have undeveloped reproductive organs.
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Soldiers are tougher than the other castes and take longer to die from most toxins, exposure, or starvation. It's their role to defend the colony, if disturbed, while the damage is fixed by the employees.
Soldiers exist in different forms. Many species have soldiers, with well-developed jaws (mandibles) utilized to crush attackers, like ants.
Nastute soldiers happen in Nasustitermes species and are only infrequently found as pests in Victoria. They have a snout where they eject a sticky solution which disturbs and glues attackers.
Phragmotic soldiers have a head, which can be wedged in tunnels to prevent attackers. Are only occasional introductions to Victoria.
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The workers account for the largest number of termites within the colony, and are consequently responsible for the most damage.
They gather food, groom termites, construct tunnels and repair damage in addition to tending to the kings, queens and their young. These termites are believed to operate 24 hours per day throughout their 4-year life span. Worker termites are generally unpigmented. They're blind, wingless and have undeveloped reproductive organs. .
Termites hatch from eggs that have been tended by their own nest mates in specially constructed nurseries.
As soon as they are old enough, the young work within the colony where occupations change with age and maturity.
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Once a single colony gets sufficiently large it produces winged reproductives that wait in specially constructed chambers until prepared to leave the nest and undertake a colonising flight.
They leave the nest as a swarm under conditions of high humidity air, and at additional resources times low light. Termites are not strong fliers and usually only fly around 1km, although breezes and updrafts can carry them much farther.
Upon landing near a suitable nest site, the female sheds her wings and evokes a calling scent. Men respond.
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They dig in and over the next few weeks, partner and look after their young until enough workers grow to take over the maintenance roles.
New colonies are established via budding. This is believed to happen when the extremities of this colony lose contact and eventually become independent.
The king and queen are thought to emit hormones, which suppress the development of the rest of the colony. But this control breaks down if the territory is large or contact groups is dropped.
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Termites work collectively in nests or colonies. They hatch from eggs as larvae, which can be fed by adult termites. They then develop into four kinds or castes of termite:
Soldiers have big, black heads, are blind, wingless, and have undeveloped reproductive organs. Soldiers are tougher than other castes and may take longer to control. Several species of soldier termites have strong jaws (mandibles) used to crush attackers, like ants.
Workers are colourless, blind, wingless and have undeveloped reproductive organs. Employees are the largest caste within a colony and are, therefore, responsible for damage.
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Reproductives which are darker in colour have functional eyes and robust skin. This caste becomes the leaders of future colonies.
The temperature, food quality, and action of the colony will determine how long it takes for a termite.
Nests and tunnels are stored moist because employee termites you can check here cannot stand humidity for long periods of time. The temperature within the nursery of a massive nest ranges between 10 C and 35 C but changes more than one degree a day. The relative humidity is approximately 100 per cent.
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It's important to correctly identify the type of termite before beginning treatment. This can allow you to understand the customs of the colony, find the nest and indicate the appropriate system of control.